All appear to have relatively mild cases, much like the seasonal flu. The patients have been advised to take the same steps they would for any type of flu.
The university also has received reports from one urgent care center in the area that staff members there have seen students with flulike symptoms. Individuals under age 25 are expected to be more likely to contract this strain because they have little or no immunity.
James Westman, director of the Purdue Student Health Center, said that since this is not flu season, he has been advised to consider all cases of flu to likely be H1N1. A quick test can confirm if the influenza virus is Type A, of which H1N1 is a subset, and costs the patient $50. Consequently, patients will only be tested upon request and in consultation with a health-care provider. The Student Health Center reports seven confirmed Type A influenza cases. A second test is needed to confirm if it is H1N1, and that takes at least two or three days.
Before coming to the health center, students are asked to call if possible at 765-494-1700 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. weekdays and 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. on weekends. For those with mild symptoms, it may not be necessary to come in. After hours, students can call for advice to the Collegiate Assistance Line at 866-272-7119, PIN 390.
Due to the increased number of students who are ill, the health center and Purdue Pharmacy, which normally would close for Labor Day, will remain open. The pharmacy hours for the weekend are 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Saturday and 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Sunday and Monday.
To prevent spreading the illness, Westman advises:
- If you are ill with influenza, do not attend class or go to work. If you are a student, know ahead of time what the absence policy is. Contact your professors, instructors or employers to let them know you are ill as soon as possible.
- If you live in a Purdue residence hall, let your residence hall advisor know. Sick meals can be prepared for you. They also can provide cleaning products for you and those around you.
- Stay home at least 24 hours after your temperature returns to normal without the aid of medicine.
- Isolate yourself. If you can, go home. If you can’t do either of these, suggest your roommate relocate until you no longer have a fever and other symptoms. The ill person also should wear a mask when others are present to help prevent spreading the infection.
- Use the buddy system. Ask friends to check on you and help buy what you need.
“It’s a good idea to have a thermometer and fever-reducing medicine such as acetaminophen on hand,” Westman said. “You might also want to put some hand sanitizer in your backpack and living area.”
As with most viruses, flu is spread primarily by coughs and sneezes or by touching contaminated surfaces and transferring the virus by hand to your nose, mouth or eyes. To increase the chances of staying healthy and helping prevent spread, he suggests:
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
- Cough into your sleeve or a tissue to prevent spreading germs. Do not cough into your hands. Dispose of tissues in a wastebasket.
- Wash your hands with soap under warm running water for 20 seconds and rinse your hands well. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Dry your hands using a paper towel or air dryer. If possible, use the paper towel to turn off the faucet and turn the doorknob. Be sure your hands are dry before directly touching anything.
- Consider getting a vaccination against the seasonal flu as soon as they become available on campus. While they will not protect against H1N1, they will protect against previously known flu strains.
More ways to minimize risk can be found at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Web site on homecare at http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidance_homecare.htm
Flu symptoms usually appear 24-48 hours after exposure to the virus, and people remain contagious for seven days after the onset of symptoms.
Basic flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, fatigue, chills and body aches. Seek emergency care immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
- Sudden dizziness
- Severe or persistent vomiting
The first shipment of H1N1 vaccine is expected to be available on campus no sooner than late October, and then more are expected to follow. Two doses may be needed.
Updated information from Purdue and government agencies will be available at http://www.purdue.edu/fluinfo A link also can be found on the Purdue home page.